Egg donation (oocyte donation or ovum donation) is an effective treatment for infertility except in women with a severe uterine problem, such as extensive intrauterine adhesions.
Success rates with egg donation are high, particularly compared to pregnancy rates in women with poor egg quality and quantity.
Donor egg IVF is generally used in women with significantly diminished egg quantity and quality (poor ovarian reserve). This includes women with:
Premature ovarian failure (early menopause)
Very poor egg quality
Poor response to ovarian stimulation
High day 3 follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) levels
Very low antral follicle counts on ultrasound
Advanced female age, such as over age 40
Therapeutic insemination with donor sperm
Males having an extremely low sperm count, who cannot afford ICSI or those with primary testicular failure can opt for donor sperm from a semen bank. This remains one of the oldest ART methods known to mankind.
In the event of the wife being menopausal and the husband having no sperms the couple can still hope for a pregnancy with embryo donation. This helps fulfill the biological desire of a woman to be a mother Vis a Vis adoption. It also helps certain patients with repeated miscarriages or repeated IVF failures.